Huaca Rajada - Sipan : Part 2

The magnificient Treasures of the "Lord of the Moche"
Before the archaeologist could localise the intact burial chamber they had to undertake a minute register of the platform.



Sigue leyendo...




First they encountered an offering repository of up to 1137 pots and jars and some copper ornaments, later they found the principal funeral area 5 meters long and 4 meters deep. Near the desintegred roof of wooden beams there was the skeleto of a warrior found with his feed amputed, put there to guard over the tomb of his sovereign.

Underneath, among the earth, came to light the remians of the cooper bindings of the principal sarcophagus. The Lord of Sipan had been put into this coffin wrapped in a funeral sheet and surrounded by the garments and ornaments he had used in dinstinct presentations and ceremonies during his lifetime.

Three pairs of gold and turquoise earrings were put on both sides of his skull, as well as a gold piece covering the chin; eyes, nose and teeth were also represented. During the ten months, which lasted his slow exhumation there have been found 11 shell breast shields of various colours; a necklace made of golden discs.

And resting on his chest and impressive necklace of 20 peanut representations, ten made of gold on the right and another ten made of silver on the left. In his right hand h was holding a golden sceptre in form of an inverted pyramid, decorated with scenes of prisoners being sacrificed and another silver sceptre in his left hand, as well as two solid bars of gold and silver respectively.

The symbolic disposition of these ornaments speaks clearly of the sense of duality and equilibrium how the Mochica understood their world: life and death, sun and moon, day and night. The two forces opossing but at the same time so complementary.

Between other recuperated ornaments there is a 62 cm broad gold diadem in form of a half moon, two rattles, a breast shield and dozens of gilded copper ornaments.

Thse exquisitely worked gems not only represent the high metallurgical knowledge of this people but also contain religious symbolism which allow the scientsts to reconstruct the socisal structure, their religious understanding and the level of technological development reached by the mochica.

The great part of the ornaments, attire, garments and emblems of this governo appear also on the engravings of this culture's ceramics.

Chiclayo, es la ciudad capital del departamento de Lambayeque. Ubicada en la parte norte del Perú, a 13Km. del litoral y 509 Km. de la frontera con el Ecuador.

Elevada a la categoría de ciudad, el 15 de Abril de 1835, por el entonces presidente, coronel Felipe Santiago Salaverry. El cual le confiriere el título de "Ciudad Heroica" que ostenta hasta hoy, en reconocimiento al coraje de los chiclayanos.

En la actualidad Chiclayo es una de las ciudades más importantes del Perú, en ella se reúnen los ingredientes de una moderna metrópoli, el espíritu campechano de las ciudades de Provincia, así como la historia, leyenda y tradición.

Esta ciudad es llamada también la Capital de la Amistad, Ciudad Heróica y Perla del Norte del Perú.

El turismo cultural y arqueologico se convertirá en los próximos años, en el principal ingreso de la región.